In the contemporary world Civil Society has become an integral part of everyday discussions, entailing from practising positive politics to bring about intellectual revolutions, civil society has become talk of the towns, everywhere. Be it a comfortable coffee shop, an overcrowded bus stop, a busy railway station, a famous book stand, a sophisticated airport lounge or just a tea stall thronged by gossip mongers , everyone seems to be so worried about the society, and as a responsible citizen tends to modify things in a positive manner. Of late, it has been quite evident that most of the civil societies came into existence because of the never quenching thirst of getting attention.  It would be harsh to judge it all but leaving a few exceptions aside, the very honest conviction of Civil Society has failed badly.
 The common man is fighting a battle against this pseudo socialism existing in the society today, he tried to convey a message to everyone that nation comes first & humanity should be our priority in every case, no matter how hard the situation becomes. He has always stood tall against every social evil all his life fighting for the rights of human being an institution alone, when needed. Corruption & Communalism have always been his enemies, and he is fighting with them alone. Several times, he decided to take a revolutionary step, to have his cravings for safeguarding human rights of every Indian. It’s high time we must ask ourselves the big questions that, are we civil or even social, to the core of our souls? No, we aren’t, because had we been, The common man would not be fighting his battle alone.

Industrial intervention made Social Work as an emerging sector and it has evolved as the centre of now, business houses came forward to be a part of this, in order to chisel out a good repute for their already functional enterprises. Politicians too, realized the need of being social and hence began to be a part of the social gatherings every fortnight in name of social welfare. Media persons too hunting for some breaking news added glamour to such gatherings, fuelling the Page3 culture amongst the wannabe celebrities. It’s all the same thing as the idioms says, Old Rum in New Bottle. Welfare is absent from most of these party, it has just become a trend & everyone is reaping benefits made available via funding by global agencies. Nobody cares. We need to be more civil in our conducts to reach out and tell the common man that he is not alone.

Scientists have informed for years about the repercussions of rising Carbon dioxide level in the environment. Today, developed nations are celebrating their industrial and commercial success while most of the third world countries are afflicted by droughts, floods, storms and low agricultural productivity. And, this not the end of a crisis, a large part of the earth is bemoaning on food scarcity, hunger, malnutrition and untimely deaths. Besides, they are forced to leave their homes due to the adversities of nature. As per the ‘Migration and Global Environmental Change’ report, around 190 million people in Asia and Africa will turn homeless by 2060, just because of natural catastrophes caused by climate change.
Provision of food, education, infrastructure, medical services and sanitation to millions of refugees will be a great challenge to Asian and African countries. The large scale migration can even spark territorial violence between native dwellers and immigrants. Such violent activity arouses the need of more police personnel and fast law and order machinery which can be made effective only after an increase in the public expenditure. Governments now have to choose between infrastructure and security, as both the areas cannot be addressed simultaneously due to the limited public funds. The recent earthquake in Nepal has terribly shaken the economy of a country that was already in crisis. Thousands of people are still unable to find a decent shelter and adequate livelihood. Consequently, they are compelled to migrate to India and other neighbouring countries. Scientists believe that the next 20 to 30 years will be more challenging to the entire world and especially the third world countries.

In the 1960s, carbon dioxide levels rose at a rate of 0.7ppm a year and today it is moving up at a rate of 2.1ppm annually. Environmentalists often say that unplanned urbanisation, unmonitored industrialisation, and uncontrolled sale of automobiles are mainly responsible for the rising pollution problems. Of course, these are the prime contributors, but it is the lack of political will which is unable to put a tab on this global monster. It is the time to take some concrete decision lest nothing shall be left, except guilt and remorse. Being a constitutional matter advocate, I request all to come forward, join hands with active NGOs working honestly in this regard and pursue the authorities to take stern decisions who are violating the laws. Although, it is a tough task, but our unflinching determination and mutual support can once again make this earth a suitable place to live.

Since the earliest human civilizations, women joined men in the establishment of society, trade, commerce and all other productive activities. On an average women comprises about 32% of the workforce in Indian IT Industry, which employs close to three million direct and 10-12 million people indirectly. The contribution of women in the growth of the economy has been immense and it is the responsibility of government and industries to provide a safe and secure working environment for women in the country on the urgent basis because crime against women is severely affecting their social and economic conditions.

Women Safety in the Corporate World1The issue of women’s safety at the workplace is of prime importance and utmost concern and every big or small firm need to take care of it. Women security should be high on priority for every organization, therefore, it is quite necessary that companies should constantly review the security policy and safety measures. Employers must ensure that the workplace is violence-free for all employees, including women by enforcing zero tolerance policies against verbal or physical abuse, sexual harassment and any other form of violence.

Things to Remember!

A woman employee must honestly assess her strength as well as weaknesses and based on this self-appraisal she must explore a career option that hones her skills and subdue the limitations. This way she can make a confident entry in the industries and avert potential performance threats from her male counterparts. Confidence makes you strong and prepare you to take workplace challenges in a very positive manner. So, never compromise with your performance and always bang on the critics with your superb records.

Focus on 3Cs

Coordination, co-operation and communication are the three strong weapons for every employee to protect oneself from all sorts of attacks and conspiracies. Coordinate well with people in your team, co-operate others at their calls, especially of women workers and communicate with the authorities and other female employees in a state of danger or doubtful circumstances, speak-up, if you ever notice something wrong. Be ready to nip the bud and avail all communication media available at the office premises. Women with their smart EQ and good communication skills can control every situation, practice these 3Cs effectively to avoid workplace problems.

Education has been a great enabler in the development and empowerment of women. The government has also started mobile apps to ensure safety of women in Metro cities. For example Delhi police has recently started a new mobile app known “Himmat” where women can ask for help at any time anywhere. Women should be educated about the measures and actions to be taken in case of any emergency.

Gladys Lawson writes in her book Blood Borne Connections, “I know that my future will be better than my past because I believe & will act on my belief.” Human Trafficking in India is not an alarming issue at present, but nobody can deny its embarkation into the Indian lands via Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh & Tibet. Going by definitions, there is a significant difference between migrations and trafficking, the former one being a self-motivated event and the latter being a forced one, but the need of the hour is to realize and act according to the differences as trafficking is going to be a major problem for India due to the fact that it shares open and permeable borders with many neighbors.

The United Nations Organization (UNO) identifies Human Trafficking in persons as a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. In the contemporary world, almost every country is tackling with this serious problem and is reasonably affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims.

STOP HUMAN TRAFFICKINGIn India some NGOs have taken a considerably effective stand at the very outset of it, to name a few, Prajwala, Not For Sale, Apne Aap & Bachpan Bachao Andolan, are the front-runners which are working effectively to eradicate this global social evil. Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by threatening,  use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim for the purpose of exploitation, which includes sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs. It could be well acknowledged as a fatal issue as it was recently portrayed in a highly acclaimed Turkish television drama Kurtlar Vadisi woven in the backdrop of the infamous Abu Ghareb Prison Scandal. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

The sense of respect for humanity is fast disappearing from the evil minds around the world, eyeing the fat profits in the illegal trade through trafficking of humans, these criminals are committing a crime against the entire humanity, which makes it very important for India to put a thorough cap over the shared borders through which trafficking cases have been recorded in order to make this world a better place for humanity to live.

Sustainable environment is not only the ultimate need of human beings, rather it is the imperative requirement of all the living creatures. With knowledge and sensitivity you can easily tab your unlimited desires, it is the simplest way to create a green and healthy environment for you and the generation yet to come.

The literal meaning of the ‘carbon print’ is the amount of carbon emitted by an individual in one year of time span. Carbon Dioxide produced from different types of sources, it is the prime gas, responsible for global warming and climate changes in our environment. Basically, it’s the pollution that creates nuisance in the environment with the emission of various gases, wherein the major portion lies with the Carbon Dioxide Co2 which is involved vigorously in creating Global warming. The responsibility lies in us, the humans OR calls ourselves the devastators. With the each scientific discovery and technology, we get close to the ‘development’ and closer to the devastation and disaster.

Stop Carbon EmissionWe human beings, despite knowing the consequences, avoid the same, because we don’t want to forego our comfort zone. Our life style deliberately or in-deliberately abuses natural resources produced by the Mother Earth in various forms. On a daily basis, we have been polluting land, air and water; since ages. Most of us don’t bother ourselves about the waste we create, but thanks to the government bodies and agencies which are working for recycling of domestic and industrial waste.

Using the carbon footprint calculator is very easy; it hardly takes 10 minutes to answer all of the questions and once done with the complete questionnaire you will be advised with your carbon footprint information. It’s actually very easy and fun to use. No personal and financial information required. It is solely aimed at you carbon based findings. 

One can achieve control on the carbon foot prints by the use of public transportations. For those who fly very often can save by conducting video conferences or teleconferences which will eventually save time, money, energy and carbon emission.   Use CFL bulbs as they reduce the amount of fossil fuels that utilities burns, emphasise more on recycling products.

Plant trees as much as possible, they help to absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. Go for renewable energy sources, use solar panels and solar products like solar cooker, etc. Buy organic products and save water and reduce the water flow. Of course, individually none can control carbon footprints through one’s sole efforts. Proper coordination, collaborative efforts and collective responsibility are highly sought-after to combat the future catastrophe. But, it is equally true that each individual should be ready to take initiatives in his own life through the judicious and sensible usage of natural resources.

The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Prevention of Corruption Act (PCA), 1988, that brings corruption into a heinous crime. New amendments mean stringent punishment for the perpetrators of heinous crime. Now, both giver and taker of the bribe will be scanned and punished according to the new law, and this time it will be not less than 2 years and can exceed to as long as 7 years. The maximum 5 year trial is changed in 7 years imprisonment which makes corruption a heinous crime in the eyes of the judiciary of India.

The most promising part of the new amendment, which will surely help to curb the rampant corruption is the reduced timeline that ensures speedy trial. Now, the court will not take more than two years for the trail and the verdict will be announced in the two years’ time. These amendments are in line with the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) and fills a gap between international laws and domestic laws.

But, the relaxation given to ex. government employees doesn’t seems in favour of the nation and works more like a protective umbrella for public servants. I am afraid that government employees will treat it like a circumvent law to escape the deserved punishment. It is good to see that the amended anti-corruption law strictly deals with the corruption in the Indian corporate sector, as commercial entities will also be considered culpable apart from their employees found guilty of malpractices, while in the present law, only individuals are liable. The law should be equal for all and it should treat everyone equally. There is no need to provide a protective shell to government employees in the guise of national interest.

The Prevention of Corruption Act came into the practice in the year 1988, to wage a war against the rising corruption level in the independent India, to end the prevailing culture of bribery and illegitimate use of national resources. It was revised in the year 2013, but the current amendments make it more viable and holistic. These new amendments have kindled some hopes and the nation expects the right execution of this stricter version of the anti-corruption law.

The Banking Ombudsman Scheme by RBI is a good move to check the deficiencies of banks in meeting customers’ requirements and solving their conflicts with active intermediation. One should be cautious as well as careful in reading the banks’ terms and conditions pertaining to particular service if one is going to take. The mixed economy of India is thriving on public as well as private banks and the advent of foreign commercial banks has revolutionised the whole sector. These changes improved the banking facilities in India, but it is also true that many people are suffering from the ill-treatment on few occasions.
If you are one such victim and your grievances are still unheard, then file your complaint before the Banking Ombudsman. The Banking Ombudsman Scheme, under the RBI is a process to resolve customers’ complaints regarding certain services of the bank. The Banking Ombudsman is the mediation of RBI authorised person in fixing customers’ complaints between the scheduled banks and their customers. There is a common myth that Banking Ombudsman Scheme always favour a customer/service taker, it is absolutely wrong, the ombudsman impartially investigate a  issue and also penalise a customer for wrong or criminal activities.

A customer complaints to the Banking Ombudsman when his/her bank did not response to the complaint within a month, or bank rejects the complaint, or the complainant get unsatisfied with the bank’s response. This quasi judicial authority can summon both the parties to resolve a problem through mediation. One can find the Banking Ombudsman in the state capital, at present, 15 banking ombudsman offices cover the entire country. Now for the convenience of people the online submission is also possible on the Reserve Bank of India’s website. The new Banking Ombudsman Scheme, additionally provides for the institution of an ‘appellate authority’ for appeal against an award passed by the Ombudsman both by the bank as well as the complainant.

Problems like stopped transaction services or delay in payment, submission without any sufficient cause, levying commission charge for a service without any prior notice. Ignorance and delay in issuing drafts, pay orders and bankers’ cheques, issues like these can also be addressed Banking Ombudsman. These are only the few issues of the 27 services of the banks encompassed under the Banking Ombudsman, the entire list one can find on RBI’S website. The old saying “prevention is better than cure ‘ is the best solution to safeguards the interest of banks’ customers. It is advisable, before availing the services of bank, a customer must carefully read all the terms and conditions of that bank.

Today, The nation feels pride on the sworn-in of Raja Rajeswari, the first India-born woman to be appointed a judge in the New York City. Of course, this a great news for all of us, but for Indian women, Rajeswari is a beam of hope and she kindled a fresh spirit in their struggle for women rights and empowerment. The 43 year old advocate previously worked with the Richmond County District Attorney’s Office for her entire career and she last served as Deputy Chief. She motivated the women of the 21st century, through these inspirational words, “I told the mayor this is not only my American Dream, but it shows another girl from a far away country that this is possible.” In the past 16 years, she has worked on various sensitive cases pertaining to the emerging global issues of women and children, and she is very much contented to work for them.

women-safetyWomen should come forward and join the judiciary as they can better understand women’s issues and can strongly raise their voice for justice and rights. Indian women have shown their potential in almost every field, be it education, health, politics or the arts. Now, it is the high time to exhibit their talent in the judiciary and make the system more accountable and transparent. Because, judiciary, legislature and executive are the three prime branches of the Indian constitution and women must represent their strength in all the three branches of the government.

The world is evolving at the speed of light, people are more educated and aware about their rights. Unfortunately, despite such a big revolution in communication and education, women are still the victim of exploitation, domestic violence, workplace harassment and social prejudices. Even the lawmakers and bureaucrats are stereotyped and bit biased in dealing the issues of this weaker section of the society.

Women like Raja Rajeswari and Fathima Beevi are the source of inspiration for many women who want to serve the judicial system of India. It is absolutely true that female judges can better understand the problems of women and aspirants and they can ensure social, political and economic growth of the women. Therefore, for absolute empowerment of women, the judiciary demands their absolute participation and an unflinching determination to strive against all odds.

Whether it is Satyam or Sahara scams the debacles in the corporate sector not only disturb a market, but also resist investors for capital inflows. To save the interest of stakeholders, market growth and economy of a nation, strict corporate governance is very much essential. The role of SEBI is very much important in this regard as it is the ultimate watchdog of the Indian stock market. Entrepreneurs, SEBI and Judiciary all have different opinions on Company Bill-2012. But, they all are thoughtful, that we required a more relevant corporate governance bill, relevant to the business practices and compliance system in India. Only a relevant model can make a tab on the frauds and malpractices in the long run and we have to adopt a system which may work for longer period.
According to  Narayana Murthy, Chief Mentor, Infosys Limited. “Corporate governance is maximizing the shareholder value in a corporation while ensuring fairness to all stakeholders, customers, employees, investors, vendors, the government and the society-at-large. Corporate governance is about transparency and raising the trust and confidence of stakeholders in the way the company is run. It is about the owners and the managers operating as the trustees on behalf of every shareholder – large or small.”

2003 was the landmark year in the Indian economy when the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India established the National Foundation for Corporate Governance with the collaborative efforts of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) for the promotion of  better corporate governance practices in India.

To attain economic stability and sustainable growth, Our country should strictly follow the Companies Bill-2012. A medium of good governance, framework of best practices and promoter of ethical business practices is a delayed but good initiative of Government of India. But, there are still a few things which need to be revised in the Companies Bill, 2012 as it is inspired from the UK model and there many dissimilarities in the nature of UK and Indian economy. India should follow a strict compliance system as almost twenty per cent of companies do not even comply with basic shareholding reporting norms set by the SEBI. For this we required more people and resources and their effective utilisation to scrutinise and govern the market.

Corporate Bill-2012 is an important initiative which is taken by the Government of India, but we need to make some required amendments in a realm of compliance systems and corporate laws.

2G case, Satyam fraud, Coalgate and many such other issues bluntly tarnished India’s image in last couple of years. Reeling under a series of corruption scandals, foreign investors sometimes feel apprehensive to invest in India, though they are aware that Indian market has great potential and it is one of the favourite business destination for US and UK’s entrepreneurs. India would attract more foreign investors if it had a reputation of clean and non-corrupt country.

CAG report about 2G scam says. “The entire process lacked transparency and objectivity and has eroded the credibility of the DoT.” To boot, 85 licensees did not meet basic eligibility conditions; some had provided incomplete information and submitted fictitious documents. The 2G telecom controversy may well have ended like many others before it death by silence but for a confluence of events that included rising public anger over other corruption scandals. For more than a year since the spectrum allocations in early 2008, media reports had highlighted its flaws. Even after Raja quit, India’s Supreme Court asked the prime minister’s office to explain why it took 11 months to respond to a petition filed in November 2008 by Subramanian Swamy, president of the Janata Party, seeking permission to prosecute Raja.

In another case; the Satyam fraud, even after confessing to inflating profits by Satyam Technologies’ former CEO Ramalinga Raju, nothing has been done to retain the confidence of investors and for many the whole episode was a business nightmare.  Corollary to this, in a similar type of fraud in US, the fraudster was awarded with 150-year of imprisonment. In our neighbouring country; China, corruption cases are typically settled through physical punishment including execution and lifetime jail sentence.

There is an urgent need to take prompt actions against the guilty to rebuild confidence in India as a destination for foreign capital. The judiciary should obey Rule of Law and irrespective of the designation and status, judiciary must penalise the perpetrators of law to ensure justice and transparency in business and financial activities. Whether politicians , high-profile officials or a common man all should be equal before the law and must receive deserved punishment. Once that happens, everybody will respect the constitution and think twice before doing a fraud. Both judiciary and bureaucracy must take initiatives to curb corruption and illegal practices in business. In addition, it is the foremost duty of Indian people to wage a war against corruption using different platforms such as social media. To curb corruption judiciary must take prompt and strict actions without having a soft corner in heart for politicians and influential persons in the society.